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Nepal Government Reg. No.112977/69/070

Nepal

The country of Nepal lies between 80°4? and 88°12? East longitude, 26°22? and 30°27? North latitude. It is bound on the north by the Tibet Region of the People’s Republic of China; on the east by Sikkim and West Bengal, on the south by Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and on the west by Uttaranchal Pradesh of India. The length of the country is 886 km East to West and its breadth varies from 145 to 241 km North to South. It lies in the Temperate Zone with the added advantage of altitude. Except for the Terai in the South, even in the valleys (with some exceptions), it is seldom less than 1,220 meters above sea level. Nepal has a total area of 147,181 sq km. Nepal has a population of around 20 million (according to the census of 2001). The national language is Nepali along with many regional dialects. It is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT, with no daylight savings hours.

The capital city is Kathmandu. The elevation of Nepal varies from 70 m to 8,848 m, the highest in the world – Mt. Everest. Nepal has four major seasons, namely: Winter (December to February); Spring (March to May); Summer (June to August) and Autumn (September to November). It has following major attraction points: The Himalayas, World Heritage sites, wildlife, water sports, festivals, folk culture, traditional Nepalese


people and Himalayan expeditions. Nepal can be visited throughout the year. Dress, except in formal gatherings, is informal almost everywhere. Light casual wear is preferable for travelling and warm garments are required from October to March. An umbrella or raincoat is a must for the rainy season. Nepal’s power supply is 220 V/50Hz.

People:
Its population is made of different races and tribes, living in different regions, wearing different traditional clothing, following different religious practices and speaking different languages and dialects. To name few, the Gurungs and Magars live mainly in the West and on the slopes of the Annapurna, Himalchuli and Ganesh Himal mountains.
The Sherpas, Rais, Limbus and Sunuwars inhabit the slopes and valleys of the Eastern mid hills. The rest of the population is mainly made up from Brahmins and Chhetries.
Hinduism and Buddhism constitute two major religions of Nepal sharing between them some 89.5 % and 5.3 % of the total population respectively. Both these co–religionists are bound together by a sense of fellow feeling and bonhomie, particularly displayed in their worship of common deities and joint celebration of many festivals belonging to either religious. Kumari, the virgin Hindu Goddess, for instance, is selected from a Buddhist clan. A remarkable feature of Nepal is the religious homogeneity that exists, particularly between the Hindu and Buddhist communities.

Geographical Regions:


Nepal has been divided into three main geographical regions:
a) Himalayan
b) Mountainous and
c) Terai region.

Himalayan region: ranges between 4,877 and 8,848 meters high in altitude and is very cold as the snow remains year round.

Mountainous region: ranges up to 4,877 meters of the Mahabharat range, the Churiya range and the Southern range of Mahabharat, with the altitudes that vary from 616 to 1,524 meters. This mountain region covers about 64 % of the total land. The climate in this region is moderate.

Terai region: lies to the South of the Churiya range. This region covers about 17% of the total land mass. The altitude in this area is from 70 to 315 meters above sea level and is 26 to 32 km. in width. It is very hot during the summer, when temperatures can reach as high as …………….????

Currency:

Nepali Rupee (Re) notes come in Re. 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 250, 500 and 1000 denominations. Coins come in 5, 10, 25, 50 Paisa and Re. 1, 2, 5. Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through the banks or authorized foreign exchange dealers. The receipts from such transactions are to be obtained and retained. Visitors can exchange
foreign currency at the foreign exchange counter at the airport upon arrival. Only 15 % of currency exchanged can be reconverted into U S Dollar at the time of departure. Visitors, other than Indian nationals, have to make payments in hotels, travel or trekking agencies and air tickets in foreign currency. Amounts exceeding US$ 2,000 has to be declared upon entry. Non Indian visitors are not allowed to import or export Indian currency. The approximate value of one US Dollar is equivalent to RS. 70, though this can vary. Most of the big organizations, shops, hotels, and restaurants accept major
credit cards. For American Express you will need to visit the American Express office at Kantipah, Jamal in Kathmandu.

Entry Points:

By air – Tribhuwan International airport, Kathmandu
By land – Kakarvitta, Birgunj, Sunauli, Dhangadi and Mahendranagar on the Nepal –
India border and Kodari in on the Nepal – China border. Overland tourists entering the country with their vehicles must possess an international carnet.
Air Routes:
Nepal Airlines, the national flag carrier of Nepal and other international airlines operate scheduled flights to Kathmandu from Bangkok, Bangalore, Bombay (Mumbai), Calcutta (Kolkatta), Delhi, Dhaka, Dubai, Hong Kong, Karachi, Lhasa, London, Moscow, Paro (Bhutan), Paris, Singapore and Varanasi.
The international airlines operating flights to Kathmandu include, Biman Bangladesh, Air China, Druk Air, Indian Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines, Qatar Airways, Gulf Air, Silk Air, Dragon Air and Thai Airways.

Activities in Nepal

Nepal Trekking

In the normal term, trekking is another word for walking. However, the word trekking has become well known for the form of walking which takes you along trials winding up, down, over and around mountains. Nepal is trekkers’ paradise. One can tre...

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Nepal Tour

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Nepal Peak Climbing

Tourism in Nepal began with mountaineering. Eight of the world’s 14 tallest mountains including Everest lie in Nepal while hundreds of other smaller peaks crown the country’s north. The Eight Thousanders may have been scaled many times over, b...

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Nepal Jungle Safari

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Nepal River Rafting

White water rafting means crushing down a gusting and meandering river in an inflatable rubber raft or white water kayak over crashing waves and swirling rapids for the excitement of a lifetime. Nepal has earned a reputation as one of the best des...

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Nepal Mountain Flight

Nepal mountain flight is an adventurous and popular flight to enjoy the mountains of Nepal and it also known as “Everest Experience” flight. This is an hour flight towards Mt. Everest and Mt. Kanchenjunga. During the flight you will be surroun...

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Paragliding in Nepal

To fly like a bird is always the wish of all the people as we feel that birds are always free from all the tensions of life on earth. Though we can not touch the sky as it is limitless, we can experience flying in the sky on our own while paraglid...

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Nepal Bungy Jumping

We think the Bungy is the most spectacular jump in the world. At 160 meters high, it is Nepal’s Ultimate Rush. It was designed by one of New Zealand’s leading Bungy Consultants and is staffed and operated by some of the most experienced Wester...

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Day Tours

Nepal is home to the highest mountain, Everest. Nepal has the site, which is considered the birthplace of the historic personage of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha. And Nepal happens to be at crossroads of India and China, ensuring a true and enduring c...
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Mountain Ram Search Trips

Mountain Ram goes by many names. In its many disguises and avatars, it is knows to some as it Bighorn sheep, to others as Himalayan tahr, to yet others as mountain goat and can be found in Himalayan mountains of Nepal.

Meat of a Mountain Ram is ...

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Treks Less Travelled

Mountain Ram Adventures P. Ltd.

Post Box No: 7747 , Thamel , Kathmandu , Nepal.
Phone No: / Fax No: +977 1 4701168
Mobile No: +977 9851074270
Email: info@mountainramadventures.com

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